The Clan : Cleland
Origin : Ancient Family
The Chief : Cleland of that Ilk
Motto : “NON SIBI”
Not for himself
Coat of Arms : “Azure, a hare salient argent, with hunting horn about neck vert, garnished gules”
KNELAND of yat Ilk (circa 1542) from Sir David Lindsay’s Armorial
taken from the engraved copper plates that were published in the Ragman Rolls
see below re “Ancient Family of Cleland”
Area : Lanarkshire, Stirling, West Lothian, Ayr.
Crest : “On sinister hand gloved a falcon belled proper” (very unusual to have the falcon facing this way)
Gaelic Name : Kneland
Badge : Harebell ( Scottish Bluebell)
Founder of the Clan Cleland Society Worldwide
JOHN CLELLAND HOCKNULL
Proud Parents of the 2002 Young Australian of the Year (that’s him playing the pipes).
AIMS OF SOCIETY
1. RAISE THE CLAN ( COMMENCED IN MAY 1987)
2. LOCATE THE CLAN CHIEF
3. COMPILE THE HISTORY OF THE CLAN
CLELAND / CLELLAND / KNEELAND/ KNELAND/ MacCLELLAND etc. A small family with a great history. From our earliest recorded and therefore our founding father Alexander Kneland (c1236) married to Margaret Wallace was a priest, mentor and uncle to William Wallace the Patriot .
James, first son of Alexander and cousin to William Wallace became the Patriot’s right hand man fighting beside him at Stirling Bridge, High Street Glasgow and Falkirk. ‘Blind Harry’ wrote “Kneland was there, near kinsman to Wallace, syne baid (stayed) with him in many a perilous place”. James was wounded whilst fighting for Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn and as a reward the Calder Lands (18 miles due East of Glasgow GPO) Lanarkshire were assigned to him and his family.
Branches of the family also in Lanarkshire and near Cleland are Monkland, Faskine, Glenhoofe, Blairlin, Stonypath, Little Hareshaw, Stonehouse and Lesmahagow. Therefore the land and its surrounds took on the name “CLELAND” rather than the other way round. These lands changed hands on numerous occasions between cousins usually from Clelands to Hamiltons to Douglases to Clelands to Hamiltons to Clelands not forgetting the Hendersons etc.
Many written references throughout history from Cleulande de Clelandtoun (1444) to Lt. Col. William Cleland, Covenanter and Commanding officer of the Earl of Angus’s Regiment also known as the Cameronians (later to become known as the Scottish Rifles).
William was killed at the Battle of Dunkeld (21st August 1689).
1605 saw many ‘Clelands’ transplanted to Ireland. William Cleland (1674 – 1741) who married Lucy DuPass (d 1763) was the last recorded Clan Chief (Matriculated Arms 1717) and neither his eldest son John Cleland (Author; ‘Fanny Hill or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure’) (d 1789) nor younger son Henry or daughters Charlotte or Henrietta sought to matriculate arms.
REGISTERED COATS OF ARMS
Mr Robert Clealand (Cleland). Writer in Edinburgh. 1672 – 1678. Arms: Azure a hare saliant and guardant argent with ane hunting horne around his neck vert garnished gules within a bordur counter-componed of ye second and first.
Crest a Roebuck standing at a gaze proper.
Motto ” Ne cadam insidiis “. Lest I fall into snares.
James Cleland of that Ilk. 1672 – 1694. Arms: Azure a hare saliant argent with a hunting horn about his neck vert garnished gules.
Crest A falcon upon a gloved left (sinister) hand proper.
Motto “For Sport”.
Attended King James V whilst hunting!
William Cleland of Faskine. 1672 -1679.
Arms: Azure a hare saliant argent with ane hunting horne around his neck gules garnished and stringed or, on a chiefe argent., of the second a sword fess wayes azure., as the first hilted and pomelled or., of the fourth.
Crest a falcon rising proper.
Motto “Si je pouvois”. If I could.
Note this was one of the stronger lines from the Cleland of that Ilk. Also died 1687.
Professor of Physics, in the Island of Barbados, William Clelland. Matriculated Arms 26 November 1692. Arms: Azure a hare saliant and guardant argent with ane hunting horne around his neck vert garnished gules within a bordur waved of the second charged with three crescents and as many roses interchanged gules Crest. A rose Gules barbed and stalked vert.
Motto “Fragrat, delectat, et sanat”. It smells sweet, is pleasing, and healthful
Major William Cleland one of the Honourable Commissioners of His Majesty’s Customs in Scotland, Matriculated January 2nd 1717. Arms Azure., a hare saliant argent, with a hunting horn vert., about his neck, garnished gules.,
Crest A falcon upon a gloved left (sinister) hand., proper.
Motto. ” Non Sibi”. Not for himself.
Supporters. Two Grey Hounds proper.
Motto at base. “Je pense a qui pense plus”. I think of him who is the most thoughtful
Two other Coats of Arms, which have recently come to my attention, are those of the Cleland-Henderson’s. They are: –
Cleland-Henderson of Roke Manor co Hants First matriculation in 1882 2nd in 1886 1st Arms Azure a hare saliant argent with a hunting horn vert garnished and stringed gules about his neck, in chief two crescents of the second (2nd and 3rd quarters for Cleland). Plus Erm. Three piles, two in chief and one in base, gu., each charged with a crescent arg., on a chief of the second three estoiles of the third (1st and 4th quarters).
2nd Arms Azure a hare saliant argent with a hunting horn vert garnished and stringed gules about his neck, a chief embattled in the second (1st and 4th quarters) Plus Erm. Three piles, two in chief and one in base, gu., each charged with a crescent arg., on a chief of the second three estoiles of the third (2nd and 3rd quarters).