LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT of Lucy Cleland wife of the last Clan Chief and mother of John Cleland Author (Fanny Hill).


(This entry is still being worked on as it is difficult to read quill and ink entry in old english script. )


The last Will and Testament of Lucy Cleland of the parish of St James’s within the liberty of Westminster in the county of Middlesex.  Whereas my dear sister the Right Hon Margaret Viscountess Dowager Allen the kingdom of Ireland did in and be one bond or obligation bearing date on or about the eighteenth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty one herein bound unto me in the penal sum of five thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain with a condition hereunder written for making void the same amongst other things if she my said sister her heirs executors or advisers should from and after my decease well and truly pay or course to be paid such annuity or clear yearly sum of money not exceeding in the whole the sum of sixty pounds a year clear of all taxes and other deductions whatsoever unto such person or persons and at such time and times and in such sums and proportions manner and form and under and subject to such trusts provisions derivations and conditions and it should by my last will and testament in writing so I nominate direct limit or appoint the said last mentioned annuity or yearly sum to commence and take effect from and after my decease and to continue and be paid for and during the term of the natural life of such one person as mentioned by such my last will and testament in writing direct or appoint as in and by the said writes bond or obligation and condition hereunder written relation being hereunto and may appear now in pursuance of the power vested in me as aforesaid and of all other powers whatsoever in any wise enabling me hereunto I do by this my last will and testament in writing nominate direct limit and appoint that my said sister her heirs executors or advisers do and shall from and after my decease well and truly pay or course to be paid one annuity or clear sum of sixty pounds law for money of Great Britain clear of all taxes and other deductions whatsoever unto my dear niece the Honourable Francis Allen spinster and Edward Dickinson of the parish of St Clement Danes in the county of Middlesex gentleman and the survivor after them and the executors and advisers such survivor to (summon?) at the time of my decease and to be paid quarterly by for equal payments in every year for and during the term of the natural life of my son John Cleland the first payment hereof to begin and be made at the end three months right after my decease and the other payments to be respectively made at the end of every three months following but the said annuity is so limited and appointed to themselves said trustees upon trust that they do and shall in the first place pay and reimburse themselves all such costs charges and expenses as they shall be put to or expend in the duration of the trust hereby in them reposed and after all such costs charges and expenses as aforesaid shall be fully paid and satisfied when I will and direct that they shall pay the residue of the said annuity from time to time as they shall receive the same into the proper hands of my said son but not into the hands of any other person or persons whatsoever for and during the term of his natural life subject whe to the provision or condition hereinafter mentioned satisfactorily provided always and my will is that in case my said son shall alien sell or assign mortgage share or otherwise surrender the said annuity or any part thereof to any person or persons whatsoever then and from henceforth the said devise thereof to him my said son shall be void to all intents and purposes whatsoever and I do in such case give the said annuity and all the growing payments hereof from henceforth to become due and payable unto her the said Francis Allen and Edward Dickinson and the survivors of them and the executors and advisers of such survivors to be deceased of from time to time to and for such charitable uses and purposes or otherwise as they the said Francis Allen and Edward Dickinson or the survivor of them or the executors or advisors of such survivor shall think fit and such trustees their executors or advisors are not whereverx with or accountable for review of the said moneys thanx or they shall actually reviewx or shall turnx to his or her respective hands by virtue of this my will nor withx for any loss that shall happen of the said annuities any part thereof so as such loss happen without their wilful default nor the one of them for the others sumx or for the arts deeds roxx defaults or disbursements the one of the other of them  


John Cleland died in 1789 and was buried in St Margaret’s Church next to Westminster Abbey. If you visit Westminster Abbey the Church is the small building, comparatively, to one side and towards the Houses of Parliament. Big Ben clock tower makes a great back drop.


The following is his obituary.


Ed. Please remember this was written in 1789 and they really knew where to put in a comma back then. Also the use of French and Latin was also popular. I have translates d’abord to mean ‘first’. £10,000 back then was a large fortune.



In Petty France, aged 80, John Cleland, esq.  He was the son of Col. C. that celebrated fictitious member of the Spectator’s Club, whom Steele describes under the name of Will Honeycombe.   A portrait of him hung up in the son’s library until his death, which indicates all the manners and d’abord (first) of the fashionable town–rake in the beginning of this century.   The son, with the scatterings of his father’s fortune, and some share of his dissipations, after passing through the forms of a good education in Westminster College, where he was admitted in 1723, at the age of 13, and was contemporary with Lord Mansfield, went as consul to Smyrna (Ed. Was in Greece at the time but changed hands during the Ottoman period and is now part of Turkey, near Izmir), where, perhaps, he first imbibed those loose principles which, in a subsequent publication (Ed. “Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure” otherwise known as ‘Fanny Hill’), to infamous to be particularised, tarnished his reputation as an author.  On his return from Smyrna he went to the East Indies; but quarrelling with some of the members of the presidency of Bombay, he made a precipitate retreat from the East, with little or no benefit to his fortunes.   Being without possession for any settled means of subsistence, he soon fell into difficulties; a prison, and its miseries, were the consequences.   In this situation, one of those booksellers who disgrace the profession, offered him a temporary relief for writing the work above alluded to *(the sum given for the copy of this work was 20 guineas.  The sum received for the sale could not be less than £10,000), which brought a stigma on his name, which time has not obliterated, and which will be consigned to his memory whilst its poisonous contents are in circulation. For this publication he was called before the Privy Council; and the circumstances of his distress being known, as well as his being a man of some parts (Ed. His father being an armiger would have helped in those days), John, Earl Granville, the then president, nobly rescued him from the like temptation, by getting him a pension of £100 per year, which he enjoyed to his death, and which had so much a desired effect, that, except “the Memoirs of a Coxcomb,” which has some smack of dissipated manners, and “the Man of Honour,” written as an amende honourable for his former exceptionable book.  Mr. C. mostly dedicated his time to political and philological publications, and was the author of the long letters given in the public prints, from time to time, signed A Britain, Modestus, &c. &c. and of some curious tracts on the Celtic language.    He lived within the income of his pension for many years, in a retired situation in Petty France, surrounded by a good library, and the occasional visits of some literary friends, to whom he was a very agreeable companion, and died at the advanced age of 82.  In conversation he was very pleasant and anecdotal, understanding most of the living languages, and speaking them all very fluently. As a writer, he shewed (sic) himself best in novels, song-writing, and the lighter species of authorship; but when he touched politics, he touched it like a torpedo, he was cold, benumbing, and soporific.


Ed. John Cleland was credited with being the first author to create the “first person narrative” form of novel.