Fifty years later (1681) in the Bangor rent roll, we find “Widow Cleland” doubtless his relict, and “Patrick Cleland” probably a kinsman (Patrick died in 1682).

The reason for the periodical muster of the men is obvious. The anticipated insurrection of the native Irish occurred 10 years later (23 October 1641) with alarming suddenness and terrifying ferocity. For a week it was a war of extermination. Those of the settlers who found opportunity to escape, fled to a castle and garrison towns. Thus the rebels had liberty in the whole open county to murder, loot and burn at will. This went on for six months. In certain places the regiments of the settlers stood to arms, but were too weak to take the field.

The increasing animosity between the King and the English Parliament prevented either party from sending aid. The Scots Army stood willing to proceed to the protection of their fellow country men in Ulster, but required the consent of both King Charles and his Parliament before they would undertake the duty. This led to controversy which caused delay.

When unanimity was secured the Scots had arrived in Ireland, and with the regiments of Lord Montgomery, Hamilton (now Lord Claneboy) and Sir James Montgomery in support, speedily cleared the rebels out of County Down.

In the three later regiments, each consisting of 1,000 meant, only two “Clelands” are enrolled. (Hugh & James) and both in the regiment of Lord Claneboy and in the company of Sgt. Major John Hogg , a Bangor man. These, beyond doubt, were sons of ARTHUR CLELAND (Patrick Cleland arrived in Ireland in 1645 and subsequent to the rebellion.)

In 1672 we get a glimpse of HUGH CLELAND in a long list of tenants who received payment for services rendered to the Clanbrassie family and estate. HUGH CLELAND passed his manhood in a most unhappy period in the history of Ireland:- a period of commotion and turbulence which embraces outrage, rebellion, civil war, the Cromwellian usurpation, the restoration of Charles II with its attendant persecution, to be followed by the Revolution, when the county was again overrun by the native Irish and the French mercenaries of James II. It will be readily understood that in these hostilities, which were not apart from religion, Churches were destroyed and there records and registers perished.

The climax came when William, Prince of Orange, and the Battle of Boyne (1st July 1690) established his supremacy, and with it civil and religious liberty, and it was soon after this event that HUGH CLELAND and his sons, now adults, secured a perpetual interest in the townland of Creerycarnonan (814 acres) in the Parish of Kilmore, which is adjacent to the Parish of Killyleagh.

At the time there was no Presbyterian Church in Kilmore, so the CLELANDS worshipped at Killyleagh and it is simply from the registers of congregation that we derive details of the families during the reigns of William III, Queen Anne, George I and George II.

HUGH CLELAND died in 1693.

The dates on which his sons were married suggest seniority, and following this guide they were :- ARTHUR, JAMES, *THOMAS, WILLIAM, HUGH, ROBERT. We begin with James from whom the Ballywoollen branch derives.

James Cleland married Margaret James on 14th November 1694

Children: JOHN Born 3rd Aug. 1695 Died young

MARGARET ” 28th Nov 1697 m. James Piper 30th July 1723

(2) WILLIAM ” 11th Sept 1698 See Clelands of “The Hill”

JOHN (jno) ” 15th June 1701

JAMES ” 23rd July 1702

(1) ROBERT ” 14th Feb 1706 – Settled in Ballywoollen

(1) Robert Cleland married Ann Riehy 17th August 1732

ANN Born 22nd July 1734 Died young

MARGARET ” 23rd Feb 1736 Died young

SARAH ” 9th Sept 1737

GEORGE ” 27th Feb 1739

ANN ” 12th March 1742

(Pulpit Vacant) ? ” 8th Dec 1745

JAMES ” 12th Dec 1747

MARGARET ” 2nd June 1751

Robert & Ann were married in the Kilmore Presbyterian Church by Rev. Samuel Ferguson.

TOMBSTONE IN KILLYLEAGH. James Cleland – Sarah Cleland

Erected by Thomas Cleland of Killyleagh, in memory of his father and Mother James & Sarah Cleland of Ballywoollen, the later died on 10th Jan 1804 Aged 54 years and the former on 5th June 1833 Aged 85 years. Also three of their children, Also the above Thomas Cleland who died on 22nd Sept 1866 Aged 73 years.

James Cleland married Sarah Cleland of Carsontown. Circa 1775.

GEORGE Farmer in Ballywoollen


JOHN Idem. Married Elizabeth Dunn. She died in 1810

Aged 29 years.

SAMUEL Born 24th July 1786 Married 1815 Jane Martin who was Born 27th Sept 1791 Daughter of Robert Martin, Ballywoollen. Samuel & wife settled in USA.

ROBERT Farmer Tullyreery had a son

THOMAS Born 1793 Merchant in Killyleagh

His daughter Ann Married James Moore, Lexnaw, 29th June 1861

His son George married Ann Jane Coulter, 16th March 1869.

George Cleland married Elizabeth McAllister (daughter of John McAllister and Elenor Thompson of Inch) 18th March 1811.

WILLIAM Born 1st Aug 1812 Married Mary Woods and removed to a farm in Killinchy Woods.

SAMUEL Born 26th March 1814 Married (1) Mary Groskery

16th April 1842

(2) Jane Lowry 5th Feb 1867 – Father John Lowry*.

He had been to America for a number of years but returned to Ballywoollen and died there.

His daughter was living in Belfast in 1932.

ELENOR Born 9th May 1816

GEORGE ” See below

DAVID Derryboy, See below

BLANCH She married David Lindsay, son of George Lindsay of Ballymacoshen. She had annuity of 52 Pounds. Jane Dunn Cleland widow of Mr Osborne, Match Manufacturer of Belfast. The family immigrated to U.S.A.

George Cleland married Margaret Ann Gourley on 10th April 1840.

ANN Born 20th Dec. 1849 Married Samuel Martin, Farmer Ballylone, Near Ballynaherah

GEORGE ” 11th June 1851 Died on attaining manhood

JANE ” 3rd Nov 1853. Married James Johnston born 26.11.1849 22nd September 1876. Son of William & Suzanne Johnston of Killinchy Woods. Mr James began as a clerk in a spinning mill and, being a man of business acumen and great integrity, he became a wealthy citizen in Belfast. He was a member of almost every municipal board, and was Lord Mayor of the city. He was Knighted for his services and died in 1924.

David Cleland of Derryboy married Sarah Patterson of Tullyreery.

JANE Born 1834 Died 1863

JAMES ” 1836 See below

MARY ” 1839 Died 6th May 1861

THOMAS ” 21st June 1841

DAVID ” 5th Sept 1843 Went to Liverpool and died there

BLANCH ” 6th January 1846 Died Young

SARAH ” 10th April 1847

GEORGE ” 4th Sept 1850

Blanch ” 13th April 1853

SAMUEL ” 3rd Dec 1855

In April 1833, James Cleland grandfather of the above David purchased from John Anderson and his wife Mary Dunn the farm in Derryboy, formerly occupied by Sam Dunn and bestowed it to David his Grandson.

*Raffrey Presbyterian Church 23rd September 1868 John Edgar Lowry married Agnes J Lindsay.

James Cleland married Martha Ferguson

SARAH Born 1867

JANE ” 7th Oct 1868

LIZZIE ” 7th April 1870

DAVID ” 19th July 1873

ANNIE ” 1876

I revisited James Cleland in June 1932. He was then 96 years of age, but of sound mind and merry. His late wife was a cousin of Harry Ferguson the noted manufacturer of tractors. From the old man I got many details of the Cleland Family. All the above are now dead and I understand the Derryboy Farm has passed to other hands.

*Thomas Cleland married Mary Purdy on 15th Nov 1694.

JANE Born 14th Feb 1696 Died young

JOHN ” 15th Aug 1697

HUGH ” 27th Dec 1701

JANE ” 18th Dec 1704

JOHN ” 16th May 1707

ANDREW ” 18th Feb 1709

THOMAS ” 6th May 1711 See below

JOSEPH ” 8th Feb 1713

Thomas Cleland married Janet Cleland on 29th November 1739

MARY Born 7th Oct 1740 Died young

MARY ” 1st Aug 1742

GEORGE ” 4th Sept 1745

THOMAS ” 26 Oct 1748

SARAH ” 1750 Married James Cleland of Ballywoollen

JANE ” 22nd Jan 1752

JANET ” 5th Dec 1755

The register ends here, but the late James Cleland of Derryboy informed me that Sarah was sister to David Cleland of Carsonstown. David Cleland of Carsonstown was Uncle to David Cleland of Derryboy, through the mother of the latter.

David Cleland died 18th August 1843 Aged 79 Jane Dunn Died 20th May 1853 Aged 79

SAMUEL Born Circa 1800 graduated M.A,. Glasgow studied for the Ministry, emigrated to U.S.A. in 1826 and became Minister of Newman’s Creek OHIO

THOMAS ” 14th Aug 1803 Died unmarried 20th Jan 1871

DAVID ” 16th June 1808 Married Jane Clark 20th March 1833 David died 4th Dec 1868 Jane died Jan. 1883 Ages 75.

DAVID, son of the preceding, died 30th March 1873 Aged 32

WILLIAM, son of David snr. Died 3/1889 Aged 76 (Born 1813)

BLANCH died 6/1890 Aged 90 (Born 1800)


Closely related to those of Ballywoollen. William Cleland and Robert Cleland (Founder of Ballywoollen Branch) were brothers, sons of the first named James Cleland.

William Cleland married Jannet (his cousin, the daughter of Arthur Cleland) married 26th Jan 1721.

JAMES BORN 21 Jan 1724 See below

WILLIAM ” Jan 1726

JANE ” 24th Jan 1728

MARY ” 9th Jan 1730 Died young

SAM ” 6th July 1833

HANNAH ” 10th June 1734 Died young

HANNAH MARY 25th Feb 1736

THOMAS 19th April 1738

James Cleland married Mary Hamilton of Ballykeel. Born 1724 Died 1793

JAMES BORN 8th Aug 1747 Died young

ELIZABETH ” 16th Feb 1749

MARY ANN ” 1752

GAUN ” 18th March 1754 See below

HUGH ” 22nd Aug 1756

JAMES ” 26th April 1759 Married Ann Basset

MARY ” 19th Feb 1762

JOHN ” 29th March 1766

 Gaun (Gavin) Cleland married Agnes Cleland.

MARY HAMILTON 7th August 1794


JAMES Married Magdalen McKee

HUGH Emigrated to U.S.A.

MARGARET Married James Ward

NANCY Married Andrew Hutton



James Cleland, brother of the above Gaun,. married Ann Basset and had 6 daughters and 1 son (the youngest)

The Clelands of the Hill are now extinct and the farm is thought to be owned by James Steward


No. 368, 6 July 1686    Bond by James Cleiland, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, and Robert Cleiland, writer there, his eldest son, in favour of James Cleiland, chirurgeon burgess thereof, and Isobel Kennedy, his spouse, of 2000 merks.

No. 371, 9 March, 1688 Bond by James Cleland, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, Janet  Hendersone, his spouse, and Robert Cleland, their eldest son, in favour of Thomas Smellie, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, and       Catherine Cleland, his spouse, of 4,800 merks.

No. 375 28 August 1697 Disposition and assignation by James Clelland, elder merchant burgess of Edinburgh, in favour of William Burgh in Kirkaldie and James Clelland, chirurgeon burgess of Edinburgh, of annual rent of  £370.8s scots from lands of Little Fordell.